Problem D. Doors and... more doors

Author:A. Klenin   Time limit:2 sec
Input file:input.txt   Memory limit:128 Mb
Output file:output.txt  

Statement

When wondering through the labyrinth, the goal is usually to find some kind of door. Well, not this time.

A labyrinth consists of N × N cells, each 1 × 1 meter in size. Cells are separated by doors. Each door opens in a specific direction (as shown on the picture):

  1. left outwards;
  2. left inwards;
  3. right outwards;
  4. right inwards.
So a cell can be represented by two numbers describing doors on its eastern and southern sides according to the list above. The doors are just slightly less then 1 meter in width. The traveler in the labyrinth is also slightly less then 1 meter in diameter, so he has following limitations:

Your program must find the shortest path for the traveler from north-western cell (1, 1) to south-eastern cell (N, N).

Input file format

Input file contains labyrinth size N followed by 2 × N2 numbers describing doors for each cell row by row. As there are no doors leading outside of labyrinth, values for eastern doors in the last column and southern doors in the last row are zero.

Output file format

Output file must contain the shortest path as a list of cell coordinates (column number, then row number), including both (1, 1) and (N, N) cells. If there are several solutions with the same length, output any one of them. If it is impossible to get to a destination cell, output a singe zero.

Constraints

1 ≤ N ≤ 1000

Sample tests

No. Input file (input.txt) Output file (output.txt)
1
2
2 3 0 4
1 0 0 0
1 1
1 2
2 2
2
3
4 3  1 4  0 1
3 3  2 3  0 4
2 0  1 0  0 0
1 1
1 2
2 2
2 1
3 1
3 2
2 2
2 3
3 3

0.142s 0.025s 15